Rats and Mice Control
Rat control is an important part of home maintenance in the prevention of spreading disease. World health authorities list over 10 diseases that can be linked back to rats as the carrier. Rats have amazing front teeth that can chew through almost any material. I have seen rats chew through the thick plastic of a large green wheelie bin lid to get to the food. If rats are trapped inside a room they can eat through the carper and wooden flooring to make their escape.
How To Treat Rats and MicePrevention and preparation is generally the best treatment for any pest infestation including rats and mice.
- Make sure all foods are stored tight-fitting sealed metal or glass containers.
- Routinely tidy the interior and exterior of your property. Don’t give these rodents opportunities to exploit dirty environments.
- All your rubbish should be sealed and placed in metal bins if possible. If not try and keep your bins in a secure location that has a door as the only access.
- If you have pets such as cats, dogs or birds make sure the food scraps are cleared away. Rodents love any type of seed. Try and keep your feeding stations above ground or in a secure area.
- If you have a compost heap be mindful that organic food waste is a big attraction for mice and rats. So you need to secure this area to keep these rodents at bay.
Safeguarding and Proofing your home from RodentsObviously, by proofing your home you are going to make it difficult for all type of pests to make an invasion. There are simple steps that can be put into play to eliminate the risk of rodents such as rats and mice from entering your property. The main 2 types of rats are black and brown rats. Black rats tend to be climbers and favour roof cavities. Brown rats do climb but they prefer to burrow.
- Entrance by door or window – Make sure that the gap between the base of the door and the floor is as minimal as possible. If windows are permanently open then add a screen to prevent entry.
- Gaps in walls – fill holes or small openings (around utility cables or pipework) with stainless steel wire wool and caulking or concrete. Steel or aluminium plating can be used. Rats can jump, so check up to a height of about 4 feet.
- Roofs – repair roof damage and use wire mesh to seal gaps. Trim vegetation away from your home. Rats climb along electrical cables or use overhanging branches to get into loft spaces and attics through gaps in broken roof tiles or under eaves.
- Drains and sewer pipes – keep toilet seat lids closed. Rats have been known to swim up damaged sewer pipes and get round u-bends in toilets. They will also use drain pipes and drainage outlets. Use tightly fitting metal grates or screens to cover drains, especially in basement areas. Check that all drain pipes are in good working order.